Individual Voluntary Arrangements (IVA)
In an IVA, a licensed Insolvency Practitioner (IP) assigned to your case will first act as Nominee and then Supervisor, drawing a fee for both services. The level of fees they propose depends on your individual circumstances and the level of the Nominee’s and Supervisor’s fees and expenses will be detailed in your IVA proposal. These fees may be calculated as a percentage of contributions paid by you, or as a fixed fee or on a time cost basis. It will be for the creditors to decide the basis and amount of such fees.
The fees will be payable from the monthly contributions that you make.
Your creditors will decide whether the fees are reasonable and they can reduce the fees at the meeting of creditors. In effect, it is your creditors who take the burden of the fees because the fees reduce the amount that creditors receive but the amount you pay into the IVA stays the same.
The Nominee’s fee is a fixed fee to cover the setup costs of the IVA and assistance with the preparation of the proposals:
- Preparation of your IVA proposal.
- Convening and holding the creditors meeting.
- The typical nominee fee is usually equivalent to the first five contributions or £1,000.
The Supervisor’s fees will cover the on-going supervision and maintenance of your IVA for the agreed term (usually 5 years). Your IP along with suitably qualified members of their staff will undertake some or all of the following;
- Regular reviews of your IVA
- Preparing and sending statutory reports to your unsecured creditors
- Agreeing on the level of your unsecured debts
- Making payments (paying dividends) to your creditors in accordance with the terms of your agreed IVA proposal
- Liaising with your unsecured creditors
- Liaising with you whenever you have any questions
- Re-assessing your circumstances if they change during the term of the IVA, and reporting this to creditors where necessary
- Annually assessing your income and expenditure
- After the Nominee’s fee has been paid, a percentage of each monthly payment will be taken as supervisor’s fees, as detailed in your IVA proposal.
- The typical supervisory fee is 15% of total realisations.
Your IP will always tell you what fees are involved and how they are calculated before you commit to an IVA.
Debt Management Plan (DMP)
There is an option to pay a fee for this service with a commercial debt management company or you can seek assistance from the free sector, such as a charitable organisation. A DMP fee is generally deducted from your monthly payments prior to the funds being distributed to creditors.
Debt Relief Order (DRO)
Debt Relief Orders are available through a limited number of approved intermediaries such as the Citizen’s Advice Bureau but intermediaries charge a flat fee which is currently £90.
You must pay the court fee and deposit yourself, currently £680 per person (possibly subject to some concessions).